Scope Note: The definition of biotechnology varies, but a simple definition is the use of living organisms by humans. One example of biotechnology is cloning. We have been cloning plants for centuries. Each time a leaf is excised from a violet plant and placed in soil to grow a new plant, cloning has occurred. Today, we are not only doing the physical manipulation at the visual level but also on the molecular level. In modern or molecular biotechnology, we physically select the desired characteristic at the molecular level and add it to the organism's genetic makeup.

  1. Soluble ST2 as a Diagnostic and Prognostic Marker for Acute Heart Failure Syndromes [Retrieved May 21, 2012]
  2. Riboflavin as an Oral Tracer for Monitoring Compliance in Clinical Research [Retrieved May 21, 2012]
  3. “BIK/NBK Gene Expression as a Possible Marker of Circulating Breast Cancer Cells in Blood” [Retrieved May 21, 2012]
  4. Methods for Separate Isolation of Cell-Free DNA and Cellular DNA from Urine-Application of Methylation-Specific PCR on both DNA Fractions [Retrieved May 21, 2012]
  5. Indices Indicating Early Renal Microvascular Disease in Diabetes [Retrieved May 21, 2012]
  6. Identification of Serum Biomarkers in End Stage Liver Disease [Retrieved May 21, 2012]
  7. Serum Endothelin-1, MMP-9, and Myeloperoxidase and Coronary Artery Morphology as Detected by Multi-Slice CT Angiography in Intermediate and High Risk Asymptomatic Subjects [Retrieved May 21, 2012]
  8. The Detection of Tear Biomarkers for Future Prostate Cancer Diagnosis [Retrieved May 21, 2012]
  9. The Relationship Between Cigarette Smoking and Biomarkers of Exposure Across Two Study Centers in Europe [Retrieved May 21, 2012]
  10. Influence of Ionic Liquid 1- butyl-3-methylimidazolium Chloride on the Soil Micro-Ecological System [Retrieved May 21, 2012]
  11. One-Step Protein Purification: Use of a Novel Epitope Tag for Highly Efficient Detection and Purification of Recombinant Proteins [Retrieved May 21, 2012]
  12. PCR Based Random Mutagenesis Approach for a Defined DNA Sequence Using the Mutagenic Potential of Oxidized Nucleotide Products [Retrieved May 21, 2012]
  13. Lovastatin Nanoparticle Synthesis and Characterization for Better Drug Delivery [Retrieved May 21, 2012]
  14. NKG2D: Binding Properties for Glycan Ligands, and Mutagenesis Analysis [Retrieved May 21, 2012]
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